Although we are starting this at Verada the Roman Road between Verada (near Plumpton) and Penrith followed the course of the current A6 with one exception. Roman Penrith

As the roman armies advanced across Britain the came across the natural barriers of the Pennines and the Lakeland Hill, a pass in the Pennines existed near to the Eden Valley, the western end was also at the northern end of a Roman Road through the lakes aptly called high street. A few miles south of this spot the Roman Armies built a camp in the Lune Gorge at Low Burrow Bridge this would need a road north to Carlisle, these 3 roads met at what is now Penrith.

 

However what is now Penrith did not exist at the time instead there was two small settlements just to the east and north of Penrith. East of Penrith lay BRAVONIACVM a Roman Settlement now Kirby Thore and the nearby BROCAVVM another settlement and Fort. North of Penrith lay a Roman Fort, Marching Camp and minor Belittlement which has been given the name Old Penrith. It is this we will concentrate on this page.

 

Low Burrow Bridge a Roman fort just to the south of PenrithVOREDA Roman Fort

The building inscription shows that the fort at Old Penrith was originally built by a 'vexillation' of legionaries from the Twentieth Legion, who were stationed in Britain for the entire period of Roman rule. A certain amount of rebuilding was undertaken by the auxiliary garrison during the early third century, evidenced by several datable inscriptions claiming responsibility for renovation work, especially of the shrines to the gods.

 

The Second Cohort of Gauls were a part-mounted unit levied from the various Gallic tribes of central and northern France, and are mentioned on four inscriptions on stone recovered from Voreda. Three of the stones can be dated and prove that this unit were stationed at the fort from at least AD178 to c.AD249 (vide RIB 915 infra). Five military diplomas naming this unit in Britain are variously dated from AD122 (CIL xvi.69) until AD178 (RMD 184; vide RIB 917 supra). It would appear that Cohors II Gallorum came to Britain in the train of the emperor Hadrian, and were removed following the dissolution of the Gallic Empire in AD274 - evidently due to their pro-Gallic views - during which entire period they were garrisoned at the Voreda fort

 

A carvetti or pre roman milestoneThe Roman Road in Penrith

Although we are starting this at Verada the Roman Road between Verada (near Plumpton) and Penrith followed the course of the current A6 with one exception.

Just south of what is now the B5305 that leads off the A6 to M6 junction 41 the A6 swings slightly westerly to avoid a hill, the Roman Road follows a track which still exists rejoining the A6 just north of Penrith, the route the A6 follows here predates the modern period it appearing on an Atlas from 1910. It was most likely build during the Turnpike Period. The Roman road turned east in Penrith following the course of the A66 before spliting the western road following the course of the Pennines to Low Borrow Bridge near Tebay a course a little east of todays A6 which leaves the course of the old Roman road in Penrith.