Luguvallium', it was the most northwesterly town in the Roman empire. The Romans arrived in Carlisle in 1ad and stayed for about the next 350 years leaving a definite mark on the modern city. Some idea of what the city may have looked like is given in the illustration left. Notice the 4 roads leaving the town, all of these roads follow either the exact tract of modern roads or very near to the road taken today. The road to the nearside right is todays A6 coming out of Carlisle as Botchergate and London Road. The Roman routes vary very slightly to the modern routes, of the two routes north of the Eden the road going north follows a similar course to the A7 across the Eden then on climbing out of the valley the A7 veers slightly east near to its junction with Beechwood Avenue, the Roman Road went straight north.
On the B6264 the roman road ran off slightly to the south eastern the junction with Houghton Road, then crossed the B6264 and continued in a north easterly direction along Hadrian's Wall. On the western side the roman road going south west followed the course of the modern A595.The roman road going west followed the B5307 up until its junction with Burgh road then followed the minor road to Burgh by Sands. In the south eastern corner the Roman Road followed the A6 from the citadel up until just before junction 42 on the M6 where the A6 has been changed in recent times to accommodate the M6, so the first 3 miles of the A6 as far as Roman Roads go are like the map left